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“Songs for the ‘Great Leaders’: Ideology and Political Agitation in the Music of North Korea”

April 17, 2018 @ 4:00 pm - 5:30 pm

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CKR Colloquium

“Songs for the ‘Great Leaders’: Ideology and Political Agitation in the Music of North Korea”

Keith Howard, Fellow of the National Humanities Center, North Carolina and Professor Emeritus at SOAS, University of London
Moderated by Charles K. Armstrong, Korea Foundation Professor of the Korean Studies in the Social Sciences in the Department of History, Columbia University

Tuesday, April 17, 2018
4:00 PM – 5:30 PM
International Affairs Building Room 918
No registration required

Songs have, for more than 70 years, taken a central role in North Korean cultural production. They form the dominant soundscape, reflecting ideology, whether in Soviet-inspired revolutionary songs of the first decade of North Korea’s existence, in the Chinese-inspired incorporation of folksongs into nationalist discourse in the second decade, or in more recent state-sanctioned pop. Songs mark political transitions: they function as newspaper editorials, promoting new policies and underpinning the monolithic unity of the leaders, the party and the people. Under North Korea’s juche ideology, ‘seeds’ are implanted in the lyrics and in the leitmotifs of songs. Songs are then recast in multiple forms to increase the penetration of the ‘seed’. They become background music, festival music, and the music of mass games: the message remains even when lyrics are replaced by instrumental or orchestral arrangements. This seminar provides an overview, then zooms in on two periods of leadership transition – from Kim Il Sung to Kim Jong Il in 1994-1997, and from Kim Jong Il to Kim Jong Un in 2009-2011 – to explore the politicization of song culture. I offer brief comparisons to Stalin’s Soviet Union, Mao’s China, Karimov’s Uzbekistan and Assad’s Syria, but argues that North Korea has gone further than anywhere else in embedding songs into the fabric of the theatre of daily life.

Co-sponsored The Center for Korean Research at Columbia University


April 17, 2018
4:00 pm - 5:30 pm
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International Affairs Building Room 918
Columbia University - International Affairs Building Room 918
New York, NY 10027 United States
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